An important source of renewable energy, wind power generates electricity by way of turbines, which capture the power of the wind then convert kinetic energy into mechanical energy.
Unlike with most power stations, little space is needed for wind turbines, each of which needs occupy only a few square metres (offshore arrays are larger, given the natural availability of space). This frees the surrounding land for a variety of purposes, such as agriculture. Also, new technology is increasing the efficiency of harvesting the wind for energy, and turbines can readily be used to generate power for remote communities.
Given Britain’s and Europe’s favourable and often windy climate, wind energy is attractively viable and highly effective; the UK already has the world’s highest offshore wind capacity.